India is where one of the world’s oldest civilizations thrived. In fact, a study (https://www.pri.org/stories/2012-11-28/archaeologists-confirm-indian-civilization-2000-years-older-previously-believed) suggests that the Indian civilization is 2000 year older than previously believed.
Being home to one of the wonders of the world, India has its historical roots deeply tied with majestic forts and opulent palaces. So, here’s a tailor-made list of 5 historic places that history buffs would love to visit.
1. Taj Mahal – Agra
Taj Mahal is undoubtedly the ultimate epitome of love. The grandeur of this epic mausoleum remains unmatched till date. Taj Mahal was commissioned to be built by Shah Jahan in 1632 for housing the tomb of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The construction took 22 years to complete and almost 20,000 artisans were employed to work under a board of architects.
Legend has it that the emperor cut off hands of all the workers after the completion of Taj Mahal to make sure that such monument couldn’t be built again. So a visit to one of the wonders of the world is surely worth it.
2. Qutub Minar and Qutub complex – Delhi
Qutub Minar is a remnant of the first Muslim kingdom in the northern part of India. The towering red sandstone minaret portrays a fine example of Indo-Muslim architecture with intricate detailing in each storey. The exterior of Qutub Minar features inscriptions including Nagari and Arabic verses from the Quran.
One interesting fact is that the iron pillar in Qutub complex is 2000 years old and has not rusted ever since. This historic architectural masterpiece is one of the major tourist spots in India.
3. Red Fort – Delhi
Another historical icon in India is the Red Fort which was built when Shah Jahan decided to shift the capital from Agra to Delhi. The fort served as a main residence of the Mughal emperors for almost 200 years. The Red Fort is made of limestone and was previously white; it is still debated that it was the British who painted it red when the limestonestarted chipping off.
Red Fort is also one of the most popular historical places in all over India. It is also the site where the Prime Ministergives his speech on Independence Day.
4. Fatehpur Sikri – Uttar Pradesh
Founded by the great Mughal emperor Akbar in 1569, Fatehpur Sikri was the capital of the Mughal Empire for 13 years. The city now serves as one of the best-preserved examples of Mughal architecture. The city was first known as Fatehabad with Fateh meaning “victorious” in Persian. Legend has it that Fatehpuri Sikri was abandoned in 1585 due to the scarcity of water. During the British Raj, the fortified complex was used as barracks and headquarters.
5. Humayun’s Tomb – Delhi
Humayun’s Tomb is one of the quintessential fusion of Indian and Persian architectural style. The building of this tomb was commissioned by Mughal emperor Humayun’s first wife Bega Begum. Historians believe that Humayun’s Tomb was a major source of inspiration for Taj Mahal.
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