If you are you a history buff, then you should definitely visit Dubai as the city has a very rich and diverse history. Here, we have unravelled some of the interesting facts of Dubai history.
1) The city’s name
There are several theories which explain the origin of the word “Dubai.” A theory states that the name was derived from a word meaning “money” as Dubai was thriving in trading and the people of the location were rich.
2) Early life
During the 3rd and 4th centuries, people in the region worshipped Bajir – a minor deity worshipped by the pre-Islamic Arabian tribe. Islam was introduced in the region after the Umayyad Caliph Group invaded during the 7th century. Dubai is believed to have been established as a fishing village during the 18th century.
3) Biggest and earliest catastrophes in Dubai
During the 1800s, Dubai faced two major catastrophes. In 1841, the residents were forced to evacuate the town and relocate east to Deira as there was an outbreak of smallpox in the Bur Dubai locality. Then, in 1894, a major fire swept through Deira and burned most of the houses. But despite it, the geographical location of the town continued to attract merchants and traders from around the region.
4) Discovery of oil
The discovery of oil in 1966 at Dubai’s Fateh Oil Field was the most important milestone in the history of Dubai. The name “Fateh” (good fortune) of the offshore oil production area, Fateh Oil Field, was given by Dubai monarch Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum.
The economy of Dubai started to flourish right upon the first export of oil in 1969. After the emirate began to grant concessions to international oil companies, there was a massive influx of foreign workers (Middle Easterners and Asians). The city’s population grew by 300% between 1968 and 1975.
5) Formation of UAE
After the British left the Arabian Gulf in 1971, the seven emirates, including Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Umm al-Quwain, Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah, Fujairah, and Ajman united to form the Federal absolute monarchy, United Arab Emirates. Dubai and Abu Dhabi are the two emirates that have major control over the country. These two Emirates also have veto power to decide upon matters of national significance.
6) Gulf War
During the Gulf War of 1990, Dubai faced a negative impact on its economy as traders and depositors withdrew their money by speculating the dubious situations. As the end of Gulf war resulted in an increase in oil prices, Dubai continued to focus on free trade and tourism.
7) Modern Dubai
The Dubai Government has made tourism and business an important strategy to maintain the flow of foreign cash into the city. Shopping and ancient and modern attractions cater to the tourism of the emirate.
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